The Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation pic
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Image: jdrf.org

From its headquarters in Gardena, California, DV Medical Supply stocks a variety of medical and pharmaceutical supplies, ranging from ointments and capsules, through to gloves and catheters. Serving as a wholesale distributor, it provides supplies to clients throughout the United States. Also active in the charitable sphere, DV Medical Supply supports JDRF, which is an organization that aims to rid the world of type 1 diabetes.

Unlike with type 2 diabetes, which can be caused by a range of external factors that include weight and age, the causes of type 1 diabetes are still murky. It is likely that genetics plays a large factor as scientists have discovered that those who have a particular human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex are susceptible to the ailment, whereas those who don’t have it will never develop type 1 diabetes. The role of the HLA is to trigger the immune response in the body, with this particular complex likely being what causes the body to consider insulin a threat, leading to its destruction and the need for insulin injections for type 1 diabetics.

The condition itself often requires a trigger virus that contains cells similar to the beta cells that create insulin in the pancreas. In type 1 diabetics, this similarity confuses the immune system so that it begins attacking beta cells in addition to the similar cells introduced by the virus. A number of viruses have been linked to type 1 diabetes, including German measles, mumps, and the rotavirus.

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